5个tips,英语说得更漂亮

英文口语语法和书面语法不大一样,是学生非常容易忽略和觉得疑惑的地区。一起来看一下下边五个语法关键点吧。

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1.口语中的句子成分It’s difficult, the exam.

非正规的口语中的语法在一些层面与书面语法不一样。语句一般 不那麼繁杂,应用的连词类型更少,也更简易。宣布的书面语:While the hotel was of quite a high standard, the food was disappointing.

非正规的的口语:The hotel was quite good, but the food was disappointing.信息内容常常能够分离,以一条一条的方式展现——语句并不是一直遵照谓语—宾语—宾语的词序。

They work very hard, the students.

2.省略句子开始Must dash.

在非正规的口语中,常常省去非复读的语句开始。

省去的主要是冠词、物主代词、人称代词、助动词和be动词、标示词和导向性的there is句式。

Car’s running badly. (=The car’s…)

Shoelace is undone. (=My shoelace…)

Forgotten the umbrella again. (=He’s forgotten…)

You talking to me? (=Are you talking…?)

She ready? (=Is she ready?)

Must dash. (=I must dash.)

Won’t work. (=It won’t work)

Be four pounds fifty. (=That’ll be…)

No reason to panic. (= There’s no reason…)

3.省去助动词后的词句“Get up!” “I am!”

在非正规的口语中,常常仅用助动词,而不反复较长的表述。

—Get up!—I am. (=I am getting up.)

He said he’d write to me, but he hasn’t. (=…he hasn’t written to me.)

—Talk louder.—I would if I could, but I can’t.

要是没有可反复的助动词,则用 do。

She said she would phone, and she did.

4.附加疑问句It's cold, isn't it?

在口语或非正规的书面语中,附加疑问句(question tag)常见于句尾,用以确定某件事是不是确凿,或征询另一方愿意。

You haven’t seen Joe, have you?

This tea isn’t very nice, is it?

否认的附加疑问句一般 用简称方式,如 isn’t it(一般 不用说 is it not?)在附加疑问句中,am I not 的简称方式是 aren’t I?

Nice day, isn’t it?

I’m late, aren’t I?

5.答语一般疑问句

答语一般疑问句(reply question)的组成为助动词 代词(与附加疑问句相近),表述关心、兴趣爱好或惊讶。—We had a lovely holiday.—Did you?—Yes, we went…

—John likes that girl next door.—Oh, does he?

—It was a terrible party.—Was it?—Yes,…

用否认的答语一般疑问句来回应肯定句,表明提升赞成的语调。

—It was a lovely concert.—Yes, wasn’t it! I did enjoy it.

—She’s lost a lot of weight.—Yes, hasn’t she?

以上内容梳理自《牛津英语语法实例教程》来源于:商务印书馆英文编辑室

来源于:商务印书馆英文编辑室

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