王蔷英语教学法教程答案全套

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套!

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型一:

  1The way we learn languages

  大家习得语言的方法

  2 Views on language

  语言观点

  3The structural view of language

  解构主义语言理论

  ④The functional view of language

  功能主义语言理论

  5The interactional view of language

  互动语言理论

  ⑥Common views on language learning

  有关语言学习培训的广泛观点

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型一:

  7Process-oriented theories and condition-oriented theories

  注重全过程的语言学习培训理论和注重标准的语言学习培训理论

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型二:

  8The behaviorist theory

  行为主义学习培训理论

  9 Cognitive theory

  认知学习理论

  10 Constructivist theory

  建构主义理论学习培训理论

  11Socio-constructivist theory

  社会发展建构主义理论理论

  12 Qualities of a good language teacher

  一位出色的语言教师的12种素养

  13Teacher's professional development

  老师专业能力发展趋势

  此章考试点:

  大家怎样习得语言;解构主义语言理论;功能主义语言理论;互动语言理论;有关语言学习培训的广泛观点;注重全过程的语言学习培训理论和注重标准的语言学习培训理论;行为主义学习培训理论;认知学习理论;建构主义理论学习培训理论;社会发展建构主义理论理论;变成一个好的语言教师所要具有的基本能力;老师专业能力发展趋势图。

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型三:

  此章內容数据库索引:

  I.The way we learn languages

  Ⅱ.Views on language

  ]The structural view of language②The functional view of language

  3The interactional view of language

  Ⅲ.Views on language learning and learning in general

  ①Research on language learning

  2Common views on language learning and learning in general

  (1)Behaviorist theory

  (2)Cognitive theory

  (3)Constructivist theory

  (4)Socio-constructivist theory IⅣ.Qualities of a good language teacher

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型四:

  V.Development of a good language teacher VI.An overview of the book This chapter contains the foundation of this methodology course,discussing issues covering the definition of language and the language learning theories,as well as the impact of these theories on teachers'teaching methods as well as learners'learning ways.Moreover,this chapter discusses the qualities that a good English teacher should possess to help language teaching participants establish the proper teaching awareness.

  这一章详细介绍的是教学方式的基本上科学方法论,讨论的难题包含语言的界定和语言学习培训的观点,及其这种观点对老师教学方法和学生教学方式的危害。此外,此章还讨论了一个不错的英文老师具有的素养,以协助语言课堂教学参加者塑造应该有的课堂教学观念。

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型五:

  I.The way we learn languages(大家习得语言的方法)Many human behaviors will show the influence of personal past experience,including learning foreign languages.The language learning mode that the language teachers accepted will affect their later teaching methods in the class.

  The difficulty of language teaching is to enable learners with many diferences to successfully acquire the new language.

  很多人们个人行为会显出本人往日工作经验的知名度,学习英语也是这般。语言教师接纳过的语言学习方式会危害她们以后在课堂上的教学方法。

  语言课堂教学的难题取决于尽可能使存有很多不同点的学生取得成功习得新语言。

  I.Views on language(语言理论)

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型六:

  【考试点:解构主义语言理论、功能主义语言理论、互动语言理论的界定及实际运用】

  Three views about the nature of language:There are many possible theoretical positions about the nature of language.Here are three different views which are explicitly or implicitly reflected in current approaches to language learning.

  有关语言实质的三种观点:在语言的实质上面有许多潜在性的语言观点,当今语言学习方法

  立即或间接性体现了三种不一样观点。

  1The structural view of language(解构主义语言理论)The structural view of language is that language is a system of structurally related elements for the transmission of meaning.

  解构主义语言理论觉得语言是一个用以传送实际意义的系统软件,在其中各要素结构类型互相联络。

  (1)The elements of language system

  ①phonological units(phonemes)

  ②grammatical units(phrases,clauses,sentences)

  ③ grammatical operations(adding,shifting,joining or transforming elements)

  ④lexical items(function words and structure words)

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型七:

  (1)语言系统软件的要素

  ①视频语音企业(语素)

  ②英语的语法企业(短语、从句、语句)

  ③英语的语法实际操作(增加、挪动、合拼或更改成份)

  ④词项(作用词和构造词)

  (2)Target of language learning The target of language learning,in the structural view,is the mastery of elements of this system.

  (2)语言学习的总体目标

  解构主义觉得语言学习的总体目标是把握语言系统软件的各要素。

  (3)Methods based on this view

  ①the Audiolingual method②Total Physical Response

  ③the Silent Way(3)根据该理论的语言学习方式

  ①听叫法

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型八:

  ②全身上下反映法

  ③缄默法

  2The functional view of language(功能主义语言理论)The functional,or communicative view of language is the view that language is a vehicle for the expression of functional meaning.

  In order to meet the communicative needs of language learners,British linguists Johnson and Marrow proposed functional view in 1981.The theory holds that language is a way of doing things,not just a mere linguistic system.

  The semantic and communicative dimensions of language are more emphasized than the grammatical characteristics,although these are also included.

  ①Here are some of the areas of research in this view of language:sociolinguistics,pragmatics,semantics.

  ② Target of language learning:The target of language learning is to learn to express communication functions and categories of meaning.

  ③Some of the language learning approaches and methods based on this view of language are:Communicative approaches;Functional-notional syllabuses;The Natural Approach.

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型九:

  功能主义语言理论也叫语言交际理论,它觉得语言是表述作用实际意义的专用工具。

  为了更好地达到语言学习者的交际要求,美国语言学者Johnson和Marrow于1981年明确提出了功能主义学习培训理论。功能主义理论觉得语言是一种办事的方法,而不仅是单纯性的语句系统软件。相比于英语的语法特点,功能主义语言理论更为重视词义和交际方面,虽然它也包含了英语的语法特

  征。

  ①功能主义语言理论的有关研究领域:社会发展语言学、语用学、语义学。

  ②语言学习的总体目标:学习培训表述交际作用和实际意义类型。

  ③根据功能主义理论的语言学习方式:

  交际法;作用潜意识课程标准;自然法。

  BBThe interactional view oflanguage(互动语言理论)The interactional view of language sees language primarily as the means for establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships and for performing social transactions between individuals.

  ①Here are some of the areas of research in this view of language:Interactional analysis;Conversational analysis;Ethnomethodology.

  ②Target of language learning:The target of language learning in the interactional view is learning to initiate and maintain conversations with other people.

  ③Some of the language learning approaches and methods based on this view of language are:strategic interaction and communicative approaches.

  ④Teaching Methods in the Language Classroom:FL teachers must provide students with adequate teaching methodology and time,as well as appropriate vocabulary and learning activities that will allow for the development of verbal skills.

  There is no single"BEST WAY"to teach.The question teachers must address is which methods are best employed during the different stages of the teaching and learning process and then design curriculum to meet their final objectives/goals.

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型十:

  互动语言理论关键将语言看作是创建和保持人际交往的基本上方式,并执行人和人之间社会发展

  交际的作用。

  ①互动语言理论所要科学研究的行业有:

  互动剖析;

  对话剖析;中华民族方法学。

  ②互动语言理论的语言学习总体目标是学好进行并保持与别人的会话。

  ③根据互动语言理论的语言学习方式有:对策互动交流和交际法。

  ④语言课堂教学的教学策略:老师应当给学员出示充裕的课堂教学科学方法论和時间、适度的语汇和学

  习主题活动,来提高她们的英语口语专业技能。

  并不会有某一单一的最好是的教学策略,老师要思索的难题是怎样在不一样的课堂教学环节挑选最

  合适的方式来推动学习培训及其依据终极目标来设计教学和教学工作计划。

  Ⅲ.Views on language learning and learning in general(有关语言学习和一般学习培训的理论)

  【考试点:注重全过程的语言学习理论和注重标准的语言学习理论;行为主义学习培训理论;认知能力学

  习理论;建构主义理论学习培训理论;社会发展建构主义理论理论】

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型十一:

  Research on language learning(语言学习的科学研究)Generally speaking,a language learning theory covers:the analysis of language learning psychology and cognitive process,and the conditions that stimulate the above learning process.

  The study of language learning contains:process-oriented theories and condition-oriented theories.

  Process-oriented theories emphasize process involves the way our brains organize new information,such as habit formation,induction,inference,hypothesis testing,and generalization.

  Condition-oriented theories focus on the study of the human context and the physical context in the language learning process.The theory believes that the number of students,the type of language input and the learning environment will affect the result of language learning.

  Some researchers summarized these theories and formed new teaching methods,including the Natural Approach,Total Physical Response,and the Silent Way.

  一般而言,语言学习理论包含了:对语言学习心理状态和认知能力过程的剖析,及其激起之上学习培训

  过程的标准。

  语言学习的研究能够分成2个层面:注重过程的研究和注重标准的研究。

  注重过程的语言学习理论涉及到人的大脑机构新信息内容的方法,例如习惯养成、梳理、推理、假

  设检测和归纳。

  注重标准的语言学习理论重视研究语言学习过程中圆桌理论情境和实体线情境,该理论觉得学员

  的总数、学生键入的类型及其学习环境都是会危害语言学习的最后实际效果。

  有的研究者小结这种理论,产生了新的教学策略,包含自然法、全身上下反映法和默然法。

  王蔷英语教学法实例教程回答整套题型十二:

  ② Common views on language learning and learning in general(语言学习和一般学习培训的广泛见解)

  (1)Behaviorist theory(Skinner)

  Referring the stimulus-response theory of psychology,the behavioral psychologist Skinner came up with the Behaviorist theory.He claimed that language should also be learned as a form of behavior.Human language learning behavior is similar to the process in which animals are trained to respond to stimuli.This theory of learning is known as behaviorism.

  The audio-lingual method is deeply influenced by behaviorism.This method believes that language is acquired through continuous repetition and reinforcement by the teacher,and therefore encourages continuous"listen and repeat"practice activities.When students make listening andspeling errors,the teacher will correct them in time.When students are right,the teacher will praise them.This method is still popular in many countries.

  (1)行为主义学习培训理论(Skinner)参照刺激性-反映的社会心理学理论,个人行为心理学专家Skinner明确提出了行为主义学习培训理论。人们的语言表达

  学习行为与小动物训练有素对刺激性有反映的过程相近。他的学习培训理论被称作行为主义。

  听叫法受行为主义危害很深。这类理论觉得语言表达是根据教师持续的反复和加强习得的,因

  此激励持续的开展“听并反复”的训练主题活动。学员发生跟读不正确时教师立即更改,恰当时教师

  开展夸奖。现阶段这一方式在很多我国仍然时兴。

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