小学英语16年级知识点汇总,快点背起来!

日期的表示法

用the 序数词 of 月

如:三月三日 the third of March;

12月25日 the 25th of December.

both 表明两者都

如:My parents are both teachers.

all表明三者之上都

如:The students are all very excited.

节日的表示法

有day的节日前要on.

沒有day的节日前要at,

如:at Christmas; on Christmas Day; at New Year; on New Year’s Day.

兴奋激动的

excited表明兴奋的,高兴地主语是人;

exciting表明激动人心的,令人激动的主语是事儿

如:The running race is very exciting, so all the students are very excited.

百米赛跑十分激动人心,因而全部的学员都很兴奋。

较为

二者较为用比较级,三者之上较为用最高级别

如:Who runs faster, the boy or the girl? The boy does

谁跑得更快,男孩儿或是女生?男孩儿。

Which season do you like best? I like autumn best.

你最爱哪一个时节?我最喜欢秋季。

Which season do you like better, summer or winter? I like winter better.

你更喜欢哪一个时节,夏季或是冬季?我更喜欢冬季。

动词复原的使用方法

前边用了do, does did, don’t, doesn’t didn’t后边动词要复原。

如:Did she watch TV last night?

Helen doesn’t like taking photos.

抵达用get to

但留意进家,到这里,到那里不能加to

如:get home; get here; get there,

此外go home; come here; go there也一样。

长出和衣着

长出什么用with

如:the girl with big eyes 大眼的女生;

穿着什么用in

如:the man in black穿黑色衣服的男生

或:the woman in the white skirt 穿乳白色超短裙的女性

让别人做某件事

用let sb后加动词原型

如:Let’s water the flowers together.

是该做…的情况下了用It’s time for 专有名词或It’s time to 动原。

协助别人做某件事是help sb with sth

如:帮我学习英语是 help me with my English

树枝

外界的物品在树上用in the tree

如:the bird in the tree;

树枝长的用on the tree

如:the apples on the tree

健身运动和乐器

球类运动以前不用the;

传统乐器以前务必加the

如:play the piano; play football

现在进行时

表明已经产生的事儿或开展的姿势,常与now,listen,look等词并用,构造是主语 be动词(am, is, are) 动词ing.

如:It is raining now.

外边已经雨天

It is six o’clock now.

如今六点了

My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.

我爸爸妈妈已经大客厅看报纸

Look! The children are having a running race now.

看!小朋友们已经百米赛跑

疑问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后 not.

一般现在时

表明常常不断产生的事儿或姿势,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等词并用。

构造是主语 动词原型;当主语为第三人称奇数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

如:We have an English lesson every day.

大家每日都需要上英语课

Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

男孩儿比女生跑得快吗?是的

疑问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后边动词一定要复原。

一般过去时

表明产生过去的事儿或存有的情况,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词并用。

构造是主语 be动词的过去时(was; were)或主语 动词的过去时。

留意:be动词与动词过去时不能另外应用。

如:My earphones were on the ground just now.

我的手机耳机刚仍在呢。

Where were you last week? I was at a camp.

你上星期去哪里了?我要去露营了

What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm

你昨日去干嘛了?我要去参观考察大农场了。

疑问句有be动词将be动词移前,沒有be动词借助于did,后边动词复原;

否定句有be动词在后面加not,沒有借助于didn\\\'t后边动词复原。

一般将来时

表明即将准备产生的事儿或姿势,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词并用。构造是主语 be(am, is, are) going to 动原或主语 will 动原。

如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.

你明日要去干什么?我想去野餐。

The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.

小朋友们下星期将参加运动会。

Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.

Tom今夜将和爸爸妈妈去看看表演。

疑问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

神态动词

can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原型。

如:The girl can’t swim, but she can skate.

女生不容易游水,可是会溜冰

Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.

千万别课上讲话,你应该用心听教师讲。

祈使句

肯定祈使句以动词原型开始;否认祈使句以don’t加动词原型开始。

如:Open the box for me ,please.

请为我打开盒子。

Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.

刘涛,明日请尽早醒来!

Don’t walk on the grass!

不要在草坪上走!

Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.

克山!不必上树。

go的用法

去干什么用go 动词ing

如: go swimming; go fishing;

go skating;

go camping;

go running;

go skiing;

go rowing…

较为

than 前要比较级;as…as中间用原级。

如:My mother is two years younger than my father.

我妈妈比我爸爸年青2岁。

Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.

刘涛跳得和本一样远。

喜欢做某事

用like 动词ing或like to 动原。

如:Su Yang likes growing flowers.

苏阳喜爱养花。

The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.

小朋友们喜爱在春节去玩花灯。

想要做某事

用 would like to 动原或want to 动原。

例:I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum

some

用以肯定句中,在否定句和疑问句中改成any,但当表明婉转语调时仍用

如:Can I have some writing paper? Would you like some orange juice?

代词

人称代词主格做谓语用一般放到句首或动词前,主格分别是 I you he she it we you they。

宾格做宾语用,一般放到动词或介词后

如:Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。

宾格分别是me you him her it us you them。

修饰词性物主代词放到专有名词前,不可以独立应用,分别是my your his her its our your their

名词性物主代词等同于形物加专有名词,它只有独立应用后边不太好加专有名词,分别是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs。

介词

介词后要不不用动词,加动词只有加动词ing形式

如:be good at running;

do well in jumping;

時间介词

时节前,月份前用介词in

如:in summer;in March

实际的哪一天如星期几,几月几日用介词on

如:on Saturday; on the second of April; on Wednesday morning

在几点钟前要介词at

如:at a quarter to four;

只在上中午夜里用in

如:in the morning/ afternoon/ evening;

但在晚间用at night。

另:时节,月份和礼拜前不太好加the.

名词复数组成的方式

有标准的有:

(1)立即在专有名词后加s

如orange—oranges; photo—photos;

(2) 以x, s, sh, ch 结尾的加es

如:box—boxes; glass—glasses; waitress—waitresses; watch—watches;peach--peaches

(3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

如:study—studies;library—libraries; hobby—hobbies; family—families;

(4)以f, fe结尾的改f, fe 为v+es如:knife—knives; thief—thieves(注:以o结尾的大家学过的仅有mango加es, mango—mangoes其他加s,)

不规律的有:

man—men; woman—women; people—people; child—children

动词第三人称奇数的组成

(1)立即在动词后加s

如:run—runs; dance—dances

(2)以s,sh,ch,o结尾的加es

如:do—does;go—goes;wash—washes;catch—catches

(3)以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

如:study—studies; carry—carries;

现在分词的组成

(1)立即在动词后加ing

如:sing—singing; ski—skiing;

(2)双写词尾加ing

如:swim—swimming; jog—jogging;run—running;

(3)以不音标发音的e结尾的去e加ing

如:ride—riding; dance—dancing; make—making;

标准动词过去时的组成

(1)立即在动词后加ed

如:clean—cleaned; milk—milked; play—played;

(2)以e结尾的立即加d

如:dance—danced; taste—tasted;

(3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加ed

如:study—studied;carry—carried;

(4)双写词尾加ed

如:stop—stopped; jog—jogged;

不规律的有:am,is—was; are—were; do,does—did; have,has—had; go—went; meet—met; sit—sat; see—saw; get—got; tell—told; run—ran; come—came; steal—stole; read—read;

修饰词副词比较级的组成

标准的:

(1)立即在修饰词或介词后加er

如;small—smaller; low—lower;

(2)以e结尾的加r

如:late—larer;

(3)双写词尾加er

如:big—bigger; thin—thinner; fat—fatter;

(4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加er

如:heavy—heavier; early—earlier;

不规律的有:

good, well—better(最高级别为best); many, much--- more(最高级别为most); far---farther;

rain与snow的使用方法

(1)做为专有名词意思是降水和雪是不可数名词

如:There is a lot of rain there in spring. 那里的春季有很多降水。

(2) 做为动词意思是雨天和降雪,有四种方式分别是:

动词原型rain, snow;

第三人称奇数rains ,snows;

现在分词raining;snowing

过去时rained;snowed;

如:①Look! It is raining now. 瞧!天已经雨天。

②It often rains in Nantong in summer.南通市夏季常常雨天。

③ It rained yesterday.昨日下了雨。

④It is going to rain tomorrow. 明要下雨了。

(3)修饰词为rainy 和snowy 意思是有雨的和有雪的

如:It is often rainy here in spring.这里的春季常常是有雨的。

If it is rainy tomorrow, I’ll stay at home.如果明天是有雨的,我将呆在家里。

比较级

留意仅有类似事情才可开展较为。

如:My eyes are bigger than hers.Your school bag is heavier than mine. My computer is nicer than Nancy’s. My brother is stronger than me.

have, has

表明别人有(has用以第三人称奇数);There is/ are;

There was/ were 表明某省存有有

留意There be 句式的就远原则

奇数或不可数用there is /was;

单数用there are/ were.

自身便是单数的词

近视眼镜glasses; 手机耳机earphones; 鞋shoes;牛仔裤子trousers等词自身是单数。

如:My glasses were on the chair just now.

但假如表明这双,这副,一双的情况下用奇数

如:There is a pair of chopsticks on the plate. This pair of earphones is for you.

五个元音字母分别是Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu;

一个的使用方法

a用以元音辅音前并不是辅音字母前;an 用以元音音标前并不是元音字母前。

如:There is an ’s’, a ‘t’, a ‘u’, a ‘d’ ,an ‘e’, an ‘n’,and a ‘t’ in the word ‘student’.

时间表示法

有二种:

(1)立即读时钟和分鐘。

如6:10读成 six ten; 7:30读成seven thirty; 8:45读成eight forty-five;

(2)用to与past表明。

在三十分钟包含三十分钟之内用一些past几个方面

如:6:10读成ten past six; 7:30读成half past seven;

过去了三十分钟用下一个钟点差一些

如7:45读成a quarter to eight; 9:50读成ten to ten;

基数词变序数词的方式

基变序有规律性,末尾再加上th; 一二三独特例,末尾字母t、d(即first, second, third);

八去t, 九去e, ve得用f替(即eigh—eighth; nine—ninth; five-- fifth ;twelve—twelfth);

ty改y为ie后加th别忘了(即整十数如twenty—twentieth;forty—fortieth);

几十几十位为基个位数为序(如第二十一为twenty-first)。

此外注重序数词前一定要加the。

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