2020年高考英语天津卷(第一次)

一、原文翻译

Transport has a lot to answer for when it comes to harming the planet.

道路运输对地球上的伤害非常大。

While cars and trains are moving towards greener, electric power, emissions from air travel are expected to increase massively by 2050.

尽管车辆和列车已经向着更环境保护、更电力工程的方位发展趋势,但预估到2050年,航空旅游的消耗量将大幅度提升。

If we want big green sky solutions, we need blue sky thinking.

如果我们要想大的“翠绿色天上”解决方法,大家必须“蓝天白云逻辑思维”。

Fortunately, there’s plenty of that happening right now, particularly the short-haul flights powered by batteries.

幸运的是,现在有许多 那样的事儿产生,尤其是由电池驱动的近途飞行。

Harbour Air is the largest seaplane airline in North America, flying 30,000 commercial flights in 40 seaplanes each year.

Harbour Air是北美地区较大 的海上飞机航空企业,每一年搭乘40架海上飞机飞行30000次商业服务航班。

Significantly, all Harbour Air routes last less than 30 minutes, making it perfectly fit for electric airplanes.

特别注意的是,港航的全部航道延迟时间也不超出三十分钟,特别适合电动式飞机。

“As an airline, we’re currently in the process of turning all our planes into electric airplanes.”

“做为一家航空企业,大家现阶段已经将全部飞机变为电动式飞机。”

Says CEO Greg Dougall.

CEO格雷格·杜迪纳说。

To make this happen, the airline has partnered up with MagniX to create the world’s first commercial flight with an electric engine.

为了更好地完成这一总体目标,该航空企业与MagniX协作,造就了全世界第一个应用电动式模块的商业服务航班。

Making the skies electric isn’t just good for the environment, it also makes sound financial sense: a small aircraft use $400 on conventional fuel for a 100-mile flight, while an electric one costs $8-12 for the same distance, and that’s before you factor in the higher maintenance costs of a traditional engine.

使天上电动式不但对自然环境有利,它还完善的金融业实际意义:一个中小型飞机应用400美元传统式然料飞行100英里,而电动式8 - 12美元一样的间距,这都还没考虑到传统式汽车发动机的维护保养成本费高些这一方面。

There’s also the added bonus that electric planes are just much more pleasant to fly in.

电动式飞机还有一个附加的益处,那便是搭乘起來更舒适。

No loud engine noise, no smell of fuel, just environmentally friendly peace and quiet.

沒有汽车发动机噪声,沒有汽柴油味道,仅仅环境保护友谊和清静。

While there has been real progress in the e-plane industry, the technical challenges that remain are keeping everyone’s feet firmly on the ground.

尽管电子器件飞机领域早已获得了真真正正的发展,但技术性上的挑戰依然是让每一个人都踏踏实实。

A battery, even a lithium one, only provides 205 watt-hours per kilogram;

一个充电电池,即便 是锂电,1公斤也只有出示205瓦时;

compare this to liquid fuel, which has a specific energy of 11,890 watt-hours per kilogram.

比较之下,固体燃料的能量密度为1公斤11,890瓦时。

Carrying adequate batteries, however , would make the plane too heavy to get off the ground.

殊不知,带上充足的充电电池会使飞机过重而没法离去路面。

In aircraft, where every bit of weight counts, this can’t just be ignored.

在飞机上,每一点净重都很重要,这一点不可以被忽略。

The transition(衔接) from gas to electric in the automobile industry has been made easier by hybrids—vehicles powered by both fuel and electricity.

从燃气到纯电动车工业生产衔接早已获得了更非常容易,根据hybrids-vehicles由然料和电力工程。

Many believe the same pattern could be followed in the air.

很多人觉得一样的方式也很有可能半空中产生。

Fuel consumption could be reduced as electric component is switch on at key parts of the journey, especially on take-off and landing.

在飞行的重点部位,尤其是起降和着陆时,电子元器件被开启,能够降低然料耗费。

It’s certainly an exciting time for electric flying.

这毫无疑问是一个令人激动的电子器件飞行的时期。

With companies like Harbour Air taking the lead, battery-powered planes, especially on short-haul journeys, are set to become a reality in the next few years.

伴随着港口航空(Harbour Air)等企业的推动,电池驱动的飞机,尤其是近途飞行,将在未来两年变成实际。

二、阅读文章检验

45.According to Para1, what is happening in air transport?

依据第一段,航空运送发生什么事?

A. New explorations of the sky are being launched.

对天上的新探寻已经进行

B. Pollution caused by batteries is being controlled.

充电电池导致的环境污染已经获得操纵

C. Efforts are being made to make air travel greener.

大家已经勤奋使航空旅游更环境保护

D. Demand for short-haul flights is increasing massively.

对近途航班的要求已经很多提升

46.Why is Harbour Air fit for electric flights?

港口航空为什么合适电子器件航班?

A. It runs short routes.

线路很短

B. It has a strong partner.

它有一个强劲的合作方

C. Its planes can land on the sea.

它的飞机能够在水上着陆。

D. It has planes with powerful engines.

它有强劲模块的飞机

47.The expression” added bonus” refers to the fact that electric planes ____.

“大大加分”这一语句指的是电动式飞机____。

A. give passengers more pleasant views.

给旅客出示更怡人的风景

B. bring airlines more financial benefits

给国际航空公司产生大量的经济发展权益

C. offer more enjoyable flying experiences

出示更开心的飞行感受

D. cost less in maintenance than traditional ones.

维护保养成本费比传统式更低

48.What might be the biggest challenge of electric flying?

电动式飞行较大 的挑戰很有可能是啥?

A. To improve the ground service for e-plane.

改进e-plane的路面服务项目

B. To find qualified technicians for e-plane industry.

为电子器件飞机领域找寻合格的专业技术人员。

C. To calculate the energy needed to power e-plane.

测算电力工程飞机需要的动能。

D. To balance power and weight of batteries in e-plane.

为了更好地均衡电子器件飞机充电电池的输出功率和净重

49.What could be done during the transition from gas to electric in air flight?

在航空公司从燃气向电力工程的变化全过程中,我们可以做些哪些?

A. To produce new electric components.

生产制造新的电子元器件。

B. To increase battery consumption.

提升充电电池耗费

C. To use mixed-power technology.

应用油电混合技术性

D. To expand the landing field.

扩张着陆场

50.What is the author’s attitude towards the prospect of electric flying?

作者对电动式飞行的市场前景持什么的态度?

A. Short-sighted.

鼠目寸光

B. Wait-and-see.

犹豫

C. Optimistic.

开朗

D. Skeptical.

表明猜疑

三、回答参照

45.C 46.A 47.C 48.D 49.C 50.C

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